Subject: UNOTIL Daily Media Review 16 August 2006

Daily Media Review Wednesday, 16 August 2006

National Media Reports

Reconciliation Not To Safeguard Alkatiri: PM Ramos-Horta

Prime Minister Ramos-Horta told the media at the National Parliament that national reconciliation to be held by the State is not to safeguard those accused of crimes, including Mari Alkatiri and Rogerio Lobato. Reconciliation would not safeguard anyone from justice, he said. Justice must continue but reconciliation must also take place among those who confess what they have done wrong, the Prime Minister said. “Those people who asked for forgiveness must be accepted through the process of reconciliation. Reconciliation does not mean to point out just A or B,” said Horta. He further elaborated that reconciliation is important and that justice will not be put aside. The justice process will still be conducted by the courts and the government will not intervene in the process either to speed it up or slow it down.

The media also reported on the Minister’s visit to F-FDTL headquarters in Tasi Tolu, where he said new members will be recruited for the Defence Force after the petitioners left the barracks. Ramos-Horta stressed the priority is to establish defense laws which are still lacking in Timor-Leste. (STL, DN, TP)

“Fretilin Mudança” Will Go Forward: Egidio

Egidio de Jesus, the leader of ‘Fretilin Mudança’, said despite the decision of the Court of Appeals that the second Fretilin Congress held on 17-19 May 2006 was legitimate, Fretilin Mudança would go forward with the Extraordinary Congress. De Jesus said a professional and technical decision is not the same as a political decision, adding it is a political decision that must be taken. He said the Extraordinary Congress is important for the population to have a credible figure to run for the 2007 elections. The leader of ‘Fretilin Mudança’ said the decision of the court would be carefully analyzed as it is more likely focused on the professional angle but the court did not look into the psychological pressure of the public servants such as administrators, sub-administrators, head of villages, hamlets and directors who could not act against their ‘leader’ [Alkatir] and were not given time to present their opinion during the Congress. He added that the court should not be blamed, as they were not present during the three-day Congress. He said pressure on the people led to favor the system of vote by show of hands. (STL)

Attack Left Four People Dead

The Deputy President of the National Parliament, Jacob Fernandes told the plenary session on Monday that he received information from Ermera that four people have been victims of an attack in that district. The incidents took place over two consecutive days. Two died on Sunday 13/8 and the other two on Monday 14/8. According to Fernandez, the information is not detailed but he added that the attack occurred between the people of Ermera. He said the bodies of the two people that died on Sunday were brought to Dili national hospital. The MP wants the international forces to take concrete measures as similar cases have occurred several times in other areas like Zumalai, Letefoho, Meto and Suku Estado. Jacob Fernandes said the Parliament has urged Prime Minister Ramos-Horta to urgently look into the matter.

In a separate article, Diario Nacional reported that PNTL Sub-Inspector for that district, Antoninho Mauluta said an attack between Kolimau 2000 group and a martial arts group in Bobonaro District left a 25-year-old man seriously injured. Mauluta also said a child was injured following attacks by two groups, the Oeleu and Aiasa/Sene on Sunday. The victims of the attacks are receiving medical treatment in Maliana hospital. (STL, DN)

NP Approves Budget

Timor-Leste’s Parliament has approved by majority the allocation of about US$313 million for the State budget for fiscal year 2006/2007. Addressing the budget at the Parliament, Prime Minister Ramos-Horta said the budget is focused on the fight against poverty adding that the government wants to urgently implement the budget in a transparent and competent way to best serve the people. The Minister said the budget has been presented during a period when the country is pulling out of a difficult period that has affected and continues to affect in particular the capital. He said and that Timor-Leste lost in a short period what it built with great cost in the first years of post-independence.

STL reported that the government has allocated US$1million to build around 100 homes for the veterans. According to the Secretary of State for the Veterans Affairs, David Ximenes, the area to build these homes has not been located. Ximenes said it would cost more money to build houses according to the districts where the veterans live. (TP, DN, STL)

SRSG Visits Baucau and Viqueque

Diario Nacional reported Tuesday on the visit of SRSG Sukehiro Hasegawa to the Districts of Baucau and Viqueque where he met with the District Administrator of Viqueque and listened to the suggestions of PNTL officers from that district on how the UN could assist in strengthening the quality of work of the PNTL in the future. Following his discussion with Viqueque Administrator, SRSG said he would bring their suggestions to the attention of the authorities in Dili. A Senior PNTL officer from the same district said they require good communications equipment, vehicles to carry out their duties, fuel for the vehicles, computers and printers, photocopy machine as well as training from the UN police especially in the area of internal discipline. Another police officer suggested the establishment of a police station in every district as well as one police station in Fatuahi in the future to protect and provide security for the people of Lorosae traveling to Dili. Another officer said it would be important for Viqueque district to have access to the national television and radio. Some officials also complained about food shortages as some refugees did not have anything to eat following the food distribution in the month of July. SRSG Hasegawa also visited an IDP center there. According to information noted by a member of the UN, the government will be sending more food next week. Hasegawa stressed that he would not promise anything but would take their suggestions to the relevant authorities in Dili and discuss the role of the UN Police regarding PNTL training. In the morning, SRSG Hasegawa met with the Bishop of Baucau Diocese, Don Basilio do Nascimento and visited the office of Baucau District Administrator, Mr. Luis Aparicio. (DN)

RTTL News Monitoring Report 15 August 2006

Fretilin Faction Group, Victor da Costa:

Vitor da Costa, the coordinator of the Fretilin Faction Group stated that an extraordinary congress for the Fretilin must be called, after the Court of Appeals decided that the Fretilin Congress held on May 17-19 2006 was legitimate and legal. Mr. Da Costa stated that Fretilin Faction Group has thought to reform Fretilin for 4 years. Da Costa stated, to reform Fretilin, Fretilin must be clean and credible. Hence, the establishment of the extraordinary congress should be realized. RTTL reported that they have confirmed that the congress would be held but Fretilin’s central committee has not made any comment yet.

Reconciliation Program:

Cipriana Pereira, of the Fretilin bench in Parliament, said the question about the program of reconciliation that was planned by the President and government was whether the reconciliation started from “bottom up or top down”. Pereira said that National Leaders have to apologize to the people in each refugee camp. Pereira said that the terms “Lorosae-Loromonu” were not from grass roots people but were from national leaders, therefore those national leaders must reconcile first before grass root people.

PM Ramos Horta: Reconciliation:

PM Ramos Horta said that regarding the reconciliation, the Government of TL, the President and the Catholic Church would like to continue to make reconciliation with the support of the budget that has been approved. Regarding the judicial system, Horta stated that the government will not intervene in any court decision. In fact, justice was on going now, stressed Mr. Horta, and there is no discrimination in the process of Justice.

Budget is positive: João Saldanha, East Timor Economist

Joao Saldanha said that he has a positive reaction to the General Budget that was approved by the National Parliament. He said that the budget would be executed to the various activities of the development of ET, including providing jobs for the youth.

International Media Reports

Pambula throws a lifeline to East Timor

Bethany Dortmans

Wednesday, 16 August 2006

One thousand educational health books have been sent to East Timor thanks to a community effort combined with the generosity of local business Excell Printing. The books are designed to educate East Timorese people, particularly children, about the life-threatening health risks they face. The book is the product of an inspirational journey, which began with Sister Joan Westblade, one of the first civilians to arrive in East Timor with the Peacekeepers. Sister Westblade has worked in health, welfare and education in East Timor alongside a number of Japanese nuns at a clinic in Notael. The nuns, together with Sister Westblade, produced slides, accompanied by an audio tape, spoken in Tetum, illustrating prevalent healthy issues amongst the East Timorese people. Both were well-received in the Timorese community. []

In the 1999 onslaught, the nuns' clinic was trashed. On returning to the site following the onslaught, Sister Westblade began sifting through the debris, hoping to find something of worth. She almost gave up hope of finding anything salvageable until she noticed one slide buried in the rubble. This gave Joan the motivation to search for other items and after looking for some time, found every slide that she and the Japanese Sisters had collated. "The slides literally rose from the ashes," Sister Westblade said. The slides have since formed the basis for a health book aimed to reach all schools and health clinics across the country. Two of the Sisters behind the book, based at Mary MacKillop Institute for East Timorese Studies in St Mary's, Sydney, made presentations in Bega and Merimbula for International Women's Day in March 2006. Alan Mogridge of Excell Printing, Pambula, attended Sister Irene Mcante and Sister Rosita Kiss's presentation at Merimbula Rotary on March 8 where the educational books were displayed. Mr Mogridge discussed the printing of the books with another community member, who wished to remain anonymous, on the night. The next week, the community member visited Excell with a donation of money and asked Mr Mogridge if he could print as many health books as possible with the money provided. Mr Mogridge and Excell staff decided the publication of the health book was something they all wanted to support. Before going to print, Mr Mogridge decided to extend the print run to 1000 books in full colour at no extra cost. Mr Mogridge said he hoped that Excell's support will represent a model for other businesses in the Bega Valley to follow. "The work being carried out by the Sisters at the Mary MacKillop Institute for East Timor Studies, Bega Valley Advocates for Timor Leste and Rotary is exemplary and worthy of any support that we as a community can offer," he said. (Merimbula News Weekly)

National News Sources

Timor Post (TP) Radio Timor-Leste (RTL) Suara Timor Lorosae (STL) Diario Tempo (DT) Diario Nacional Seminario Lia Foun (LF) Televisaun Timor-Leste [TVTL]

These Items Do Not Reflect the Position or Views of the United Nations. UNOTIL Public Information Office

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