Subject: UNMIT: Transcript of Press Conference with SRSG Ameerah Haq -
13 January 2010
Press Conference Ameerah Haq Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Timor-Leste 13 January 2010, Dili Timor-Leste
Gyorgy Kakuk (UNMIT Spokesperson): Welcome everybody, Thanks for accepting our invitation for today's press conference which will be held by the newly appointed SRSG, Ameerah Haq. Perhaps you all know she arrived in Timor-Leste last week on the 5th of January. We are going to proceed with the SRSG'™s initial statement and then we will open up for questions. So please be prepared.
Ameerah Haq: Good morning everybody and thank you very much for coming here. I am really delighted to have an opportunity to speak with all of you today. First of all let me tell you how very pleased I am to be in your beautiful country. I have already had the privilege of meeting many of your leaders. It is a great honour for me to be here leading the efforts of the United Nations to help the people of Timor-Leste and Timorese authorities to continue to consolidate peace and development in your country.
It is exactly a week since I have been here. I remarked to many people how beautiful the country was as I was flying into Dili. And also in driving around Dili town I am very impressed at what I sense is a vibrancy in this town: internet cafes are full, shops are thriving. It is great to see how people are moving around in a town that is peaceful and secure.
I have had the privilege and honour to meet your President, the Prime Minister, the President of the National Parliament, the Secretary-General of Fretilin, among others. And just this morning I felt very privileged to have been able to address the Council of Ministers. I have felt very warmly welcomed by all.
I am also very impressed with the relationship, the depth of the relationship, between the United Nations and the people of Timor-Leste. This has been developed, as you know, over many years, and I am privileged to be leading the United Nations now to help the people in Timor-Leste to continue with nation- and state-building. I am committed to continuing the work that the United Nations has done here, and in my role as the leader of the United Nations I look forward to the invitations that I have had from your leadership for frank and cordial discussions on many issues that we both need to address.
Most of all I am really very happy to have this opportunity today to meet with all of you, as journalists and media. I consider that you have a very important role to play in the development of your country, and your role is absolutely vital to strengthening democracy. I think a free and independent media is one of the essential ingredients of democracy. You have a very important responsibility in conveying a lot of the key messages to the citizens of your country. Information is a source of empowerment. That power, I feel, must be used responsibly. I consider your role very important in making that information go out far and wide all through Timor-Leste. You as media have a very important role to play in advocacy, in setting policy agendas and in social and economic development.
In all of my work in the UN, which has been for quite a long time, I have always stressed that the relationship with the media is one of the ingredients that will make me a good leader of the United Nations. So I look forward to this relationship with all of you. And I know that you have a very good relationship already with our Public Information Office and I look forward to working with them so that we can address many of the challenging issues ahead of us.
Let me take this opportunity, then, as a piece of information, to tell you that right now in the country there is a Technical Assessment Mission of the United Nations. The role of this, we call it the TAM Mission, is to assess the requirements and the situation in Timor-Leste as it relates to the mission of UNMIT. Over a period that started in November there have been extensive consultations with many stakeholders, with the Government, with civil society and I think with the media, and also with bilateral donors. In this final week we have our colleagues who have come from New York and who are meeting with Government authorities, with Members of Parliament, with civil society and a broad range of stakeholders, and they are looking at what the role of UNMIT will be between now and 2012. We are very hopeful that the recommendations which we will all arrive at together will strengthen the partnership between the United Nations and the Government of Timor-Leste in focusing on what we can best do in the period between now and 2012.
So, let me stop here in terms of my initial remarks and I will be very happy to take some questions from you.
Questions and Answers
Question: My name is Napoleon Xavier from Diario Nacional. What will be the programmes of UNMIT between 2010-2012, what will be the focus of UNMIT?
Ameerah Haq: Thank you very much for asking that question, it is a very important one. The UN as you know, in terms of the Mission, the mandate is provided to us by the Security Council. This consists of four areas. One is the overall security sector and looking at the consolidation of peace and stability in Timor-Leste. An important part of that is the support provided in police reform. But it also includes support and elements of military support and security sector reform.
There are also elements of good offices as we call it, which is making sure that democracy works, and there is engagement with political leaders and leaders of all the opposition parties and other political parties.
There are also areas of democracy and governance, in supporting elections and in supporting other institutions and capacity building.
And last but not least is social and economic development and making sure that there is improvement in the quality of the lives of people. These are the broad range of activities.
Question: My name is Santino from Timor Newsline. I would like to find out what is UNMIT's view point on the presence of ISF (International Security Force) since the crisis? Now that the situation has been improving, I would like to see what is your view on the mandate in terms of the presence of the ISF here in Timor-Leste.
Ameerah Haq: The presence of the ISF, as you know, is a bilateral agreement between the governments of, combined, Australia and New Zealand, and Timor-Leste. Our Military Liaison Group works closely with them in terms of providing capacity in certain areas - of security, particularly on the border, of policing. But as I said the ISF is governed by a bilateral arrangement so they do not fall under the UNMIT mandate.
Question: My name is Tito Filipe from Radio Timor-Leste.
It has been ten years that Timor-Leste has been with the United Nations, and this has created dependency of Timor-Leste on the UN. What are the weaknesses on the part of Timor-Leste which you focus on as the UN continues to provide support.
Secondly, will there be a new mechanism for the UN's presence in Timor-Leste, taking into account that now we have a Technical Assessment Mission in town?
And thirdly, as the new leader of the UN Mission here in Timor-Leste what do you see, I mean what is your view on the UN's commitment to bring the perpetrators of serious crimes to justice? There is a contradiction between the UN commitment and our government in this matter.
Ameerah Haq: Thank you very much for asking that question. I think, you know, the nation is ten years old, you just celebrated your tenth year anniversary. And by all measurements it is still considered a young nation and a nation that is developing. I donâ't think that I would, you know, see the relationship characterized as one of dependency; the reason that I say that is that already it is very impressive in terms of the number of institutions and the capacity that has already been built in these ten years.
As I said, I addressed the Council of Ministers this morning. There are Ministries that are established in all key areas. There is, as I said, peace and calm and a secure situation, as we discussed. Following the crisis from 2006 the security situation has been maintained very well, so I think that the progress of a nation within ten years as I see it is very noteworthy.
However that doesn't mean that Timor-Leste has already established itself at a level where it cannot benefit from expertise, from experience, in not only the relationship and partnership with the United Nations but also with bilateral governments. And also through efforts outside of government efforts, for example through the private sector and through non-governmental organizations. I think there is tremendous scope for the country to benefit and develop its capacity and establish strong structures and foundations within which to build itself as a strong and resilient nation. So I would not characterize the relationship as dependency but a relationship of a partnership with many entities to build these strong foundations.
The recommendations of the TAM will go before the Security Council, which will result in another mandate for the Mission. And those recommendations as always will contain the work that the UN will continue to do on justice, on rule of law, and on human rights. And with respect to all of these there will continue to be the position that there must be no impunity for serious crimes against humanity. The work of all the institutions of justice here will continue to be part of the mandate of UNMIT as they have been doing.
And there is a great deal to be done on legislation, on policy, on capacity building; we are working very closely with the Prosecutor General's office and all the other organs. But again there I think I go back also to what I said in my initial commentary: that I think you know there is a great role not only for the media but also non-governmental organizations to play with respect to advocacy on these issues.
Question: My name is Marianne Kearney…II wanted to ask Ms Ameerah, what do you see as your greatest challenges with this Mission over the next two years?
Ameerah Haq: I think some of the challenges, as I said, one is that we are able to maintain the level of peace and security. In that context I think one of the key challenges will be making sure that the structures and foundations of the security services are built and built upon in terms of continuing capacity. So that includes the confidence of the people and the ability to make sure people feel safe and secure and feel that the right mechanisms are in place for civilians to have a role in determining that the security institutions are meeting their needs.
We have municipal elections coming up, and again it will be important to ensure that these are conducted in a free and fair and safe environment, of safety and security.
There is a general level of public administration and what we call governance, in terms of building up and continuing to support State institutions in their ability to provide adequate support to citizens.
With respect to youth I think one of the challenges primarily is the issue of employment, gainful employment of youth and making sure that there is a stimulus to creating jobs.
And lastly I think in social and economic development that in the regions, the provision of dividends in terms of education, health, water, livelihoods, all go beyond Dili to meeting the needs of the people in all the districts.
Thank you very much.
KonferÃ©nsia Imprensa Ameerah Haq Reprezentante EspesiÃ¡l SekretÃ¡riu-JerÃ¡l ba Timor-Leste 13 Janeiru 2010, Dili Timor-Leste
Ameerah Haq: Bondia ba imi hotu no obrigadu barak ba imi atu mai iha neâ€™e. Haâ€™u haksolok tebetebes atu hetan oportunidade hodi koâ€™alia ho imi hotu ohin. Uluk nanaâ€™in permiti haâ€™u atu hatoâ€™o ba imi katak haâ€™u haksolok tebetebes atu mai iha imi-nia rai neâ€™ebÃ© furak. Haâ€™u hetan tiha ona privilÃ©jiu atu hasoru ho imi-nia lÃder sira barabarak. Nuâ€™udar onra boot ida mai haâ€™u atu mai iha neâ€™e hodi lidera esforsu sira Nasoins Unidas nian atu kontinua hodi konsolida pÃ¡s no dezenvovimentu iha imi-nia rain.
Semana ida loloos tiha ona maka haâ€™u mai iha neâ€™e. Haâ€™u hatoâ€™o tiha ona ba ema barak katak imi-nia rain neâ€™e furak bainhira haâ€™u semo mai Dili. No mÃ³s bainhira laâ€™o hadulas sidade Dili ho karreta haâ€™u impresionante tebetebes ho saÃda maka haâ€™u sente mak vibransia iha sidade ida-neâ€™e: kafÃ© internet sira nakonu, loja sira mosu barak. Furak atu haree oinsÃ¡ ema laâ€™o ba mai iha sidade ida maka hakmatek no seguru.
Haâ€™u hetan tiha ona previlÃ©jiu no onra atu hasoru, entre outrus, ho imi-nia Prezidente, Primeiru Ministru, Prezidente Parlamentu NasionÃ¡l, no SekretÃ¡riu-JerÃ¡l Fretilin nian. No mÃ³s foin ohin dadeer ida-neâ€™e haâ€™u sente prevelijiadu tebetebes atu koâ€™alia ba Konsellu Ministru. Haâ€™u sente tebetebes ho saudasaun kmanek neâ€™ebÃ© hatoâ€™o hosi ema hotu.
Haâ€™u mÃ³s impresionante tebetebes ho relasaun, relasaun klean, entre Nasoins Unidas no povu Timor-Leste. Relasaun ida-neâ€™e dezenvolve tiha ona, hanesan imi hatene, iha tinan barak nia laran, no haâ€™u prevelijiadu atu lidera Nasoins Unidas oras neâ€™e hodi tulun povu Timor-Leste atu kontinua ho prosesu harii nasaun no estadu. Haâ€™u iha kompromisu atu kontinua servisu neâ€™ebÃ© Nasoins Unidas nian halaâ€™o tiha ona iha neâ€™e, no iha haâ€™u-nia knaar hanesan lÃder Nasoins Unidas nian, haâ€™u hein atu hetan konvite sira neâ€™ebÃ© haâ€™u hetan tiha ona hosi imi-nia lideransa atu halaâ€™o diskusaun sira neâ€™ebÃ© franku no kordiÃ¡l kona-ba kestaun sira barak neâ€™ebÃ© ami presiza atu tau matan.
Liuliu haâ€™u haksolok tebetebes atu hetan oportunidade ida-neâ€™e ohin hodi hasoru imi hotu, hanesan jornalista no mÃdia. Haâ€™u konsidera katak imi iha knaar importante ida atu halaâ€™o iha dezenvolvimentu ba imi-nia rain, no imi-nia knaar neâ€™e absolutamente sai importante atu haforsa demokrasia. Haâ€™u hanoin mÃdia ida neâ€™ebÃ© livre no independente sai nuâ€™udar ingrediente esensiÃ¡l ida ba demokrasia. Imi iha responsabilidade ida neâ€™ebÃ© importante tebetebes atu hatoâ€™o mensajen importante barak ba sidadaun sira imi-nia rain nian. Informasaun neâ€™e sai nuâ€™udar fonte ida atu hakbiit. Kbiit neâ€™e, haâ€™u sente, tenke uza ho responsabilidade. Haâ€™u konsidera imi-nia knaar neâ€™e importante tebetebes atu halo informasaun neâ€™e fÃ³ sai no habelar iha Timor-Leste laran tomak. Imi, nuâ€™udar mÃdia iha knaar importante ida atu halaâ€™o iha advokasia, trasa ajenda polÃtika sira no iha dezenvolvimentu sÃ³siu-ekonÃ³miku.
Iha haâ€™u-nia servisu tomak iha ONU nia laran, neâ€™ebÃ© halaâ€™o iha tempu naruk oituan tiha ona, haâ€™u sempre subliÃ±a katak relasaun ho mÃdia neâ€™e sai nuâ€™udar ingrediente ida neâ€™ebÃ© sei halo lÃder ida neâ€™ebÃ© diâ€™ak Nasoins Unidas nian. Tanba neâ€™e, haâ€™u hein atu halaâ€™o relasaun ida-neâ€™e ho imi hotu. No haâ€™u hatene katak imi iha tiha ona relasaun ida neâ€™ebÃ© diâ€™ak tebetebes ho ami-nia gabinete informasaun pÃºblika, no haâ€™u hein atu servisu hamutuk ho sira hodi nuneâ€™e ita bele tau matan ba dezafiu sira neâ€™ebÃ© sei mosu mai tan ita.
Entaun, hanesan informasaun rohan oan ida, permiti haâ€™u atu foti oportunidade ida-neâ€™e hodi hatoâ€™o ba imi katak oras neâ€™e daudaun iha rai laran neâ€™e iha Misaun Avaliasaun TÃ©knika Nasoins Unidas nian ida. Knaâ€™ar misaun ida-neâ€™e, ami bolu naran Misaun TAM, maka atu avalia ezijÃ©nsia sira no situasaun iha Timor-Leste tanba buat neâ€™e relasiona ho misaun UNMIT nian. Liutiha ona periodu ida neâ€™ebÃ© hahÃº halaâ€™o iha fulan-Novembru, iha tiha ona konsulta sira neâ€™ebÃ© estensivu ho parte interesadu sira barabarak, ho Governu, sosiedade sivil no haâ€™u hanoin ho mÃdia, no mÃ³s ho doadÃ³r bilaterÃ¡l sira. Iha semana ikus ida-neâ€™e ami iha kolega sira neâ€™ebÃ© mai hosi Novaiorke no hasoru daudaun ho autoridade sira Governu nian, Membru Parlamentu sira, sosiedade sivil no parte interesadu sira lubuk ida, no sira sei tau matan ba saÃda maka atu sai nuâ€™udar knaar UNMIT nian entre agora no tinan 2012. Ita hein tebetebes katak rekomendasaun sira neâ€™ebÃ© ita hotu sei hetan hamutuk, sei haforsa parseria entre Nasoins Unidas no Governu Timor-Leste hodi foka ba saÃda maka ami bele halo diâ€™ak liutÃ¡n hotu iha periodu entre agora no tinan 2012.
Ho ida-neâ€™e, permiti haâ€™u atu para lai iha neâ€™e kona-ba haâ€™u-nia diskursu inisiÃ¡l, no haâ€™u sei haksolok tebetebes atu hetan pergunta balu hosi imi.
Pergunta no Resposta
Q: Diak, obrigadu, hau nia naran Napoleao Xavier husi media Diario Nacional. Hau nia pergunta maka neâ€™e. Programa saida maka UNMIT atu halo iha tinan 2010 to 2012?
A: (orijinal iha lian Ingles) Ita boâ€™ot sira hateneâ€™e katak misaun ONU neâ€™e hetan nia mandatu neâ€™e mai husi Konsellu Seguransa. Neâ€™e komposta husi area haâ€™at. Primeiru hare ba seitor seguransa, oinsa atu konsolida pas no estabilidade iha Timor-Leste. Iha parte neâ€™e mak neâ€™e, oinsa fornese apoiu ba iha reforma polisia e mos inklui apoiu ba elementu ba militar e mos ba iha reforma seitor seguransa. E mos oinsa atu sai lokutor iha prosesu oinsa atu bele hare demokrasia neâ€™e funsiona, oinsa atu ita hare iha involvementu ho lider politika sira, oinsa bele hare demokrasia neâ€™e bele funsiona ho diak. E, hare ba kestaun Demokrasia neâ€™e hare ba kestaun Governasaun atu oinsa apoiu iha eleisaun e mos iha apoiu ba iha kapasitasaun instituisaun sira nian. Ikus liu maibe laâ€™os la importante, maka dezenvolvementu sosio-ekonomiku, oinsa atu hadiak moris ema nian. Neâ€™e maka atividade boâ€™ot e luan neâ€™ebe UNMIT sei atu halao.
Q: Hau nia naran Santino, husi Timor Neâ€™ewslineâ€™e. Hau atu husu konaba oinsa UNMIT nia hare konaba, tamba seguransa iha rai laran desde krize mai to agora hahu lao diak neâ€™ebe ita hare FSI neâ€™ebe sei kontrola nafatin iha Dili no mos balun iha distritu. Ida neâ€™e mos sai perokupasaun, oinsa UNMIT bele e iha ninia mandatu ou FSI bele remata nia misaun iha neâ€™e ka lae?
A: (orijinal iha lian Ingles) Atu hakarak hateten katak ISF neâ€™e hanesan akordu bilateral husi parte govenu Timor-Leste-Australia ho Nova Zelandia. Maibe, ami nia grupu ligasaun militar servisu hamutuk ho sira atu hare oinsa ba iha kapasidade liu-liu atu hare ba iha parte fronteira ninian e ISF dala ida tan katak la halo parte iha estrutura UNMIT nian neâ€™ebe neâ€™e hanesan akordu bilateral entre Timor-Leste ho nasaun sira hanesan ohin hau temi neâ€™e.
Q: Obrigadu, hau Tito Filipe husi Radio Timor-Leste. Hau hakarak husu tinan sanulu ona ONU marka Timor-Leste ukun maibe sei mosu dependensia, karik tuir Nasoens Unidas nian observasaun, frakeza neâ€™e iha neâ€™ebe no ita boâ€™ot sira hakarak foka ita boâ€™ot sira nia apoiu neâ€™e iha area neâ€™ebe? Segundu, maka serra que sei iha mekanismu foun ba misaun neâ€™ebe karik sei mai tamba iha oras neâ€™e daudaun sei iha ekipa ida halo evaluasaun, serra que iha mekanismu foun ba prezensa ONU ninian? Terseiru maka agora ita boâ€™ot kaer knaâ€™ar foun, karik ita boâ€™ot iha komitmentu ba autor krime graves ka dalabarak iha Nasoens Unidas hakarak lori autor sira neâ€™e ba tribunal maibe nunka akontese no mos UNMIT nia komitmentu neâ€™e kontradis ho Governu atual ninia hakarak.
A: (orijinal iha lian Ingles) Hanesan nasaun Timor-Leste tinan sanulu ona nia existe, foin lalais ita boâ€™ot sira selebra tinan sanulu aniversariu e hau nia hare katak hau konsidera Timor-Leste hanesan nasaun foun neâ€™ebe ke dezenvolve ona e hau la hare katak relasaun entre Timor-Leste ho ONU neâ€™e tuir hau nia impresaun neâ€™e hau lakohi karakteriza hanesan depedensia tamba iha hau nia hare iha kapasidade neâ€™ebe iha, aumenta instituisaun maka iha atÃ© tinan sanulu nia laran. E, ohin iha hau nia reuniaun iha Konsellu Ministru hau hare katak iha ministeiru mosu iha areas chaves, hare ba katak situasaun iha pas, kalma e situasaun seguransa no mos iha progresu tinan sanulu nia laran neâ€™e hau bele hare katak ita tama iha faze inisial. Maibe neâ€™e naun quer dizer katak Timor la tama iha nivel ou ambiente ida ke neâ€™ebe nia labele hetan benefisiu husi benefisiu, keahlian husi rai sira seluk. Por exemplu neâ€™ebe ke iha relasaun bilateral no mos esforsu neâ€™ebe halao husi seitor privadu, ONG sira. Neâ€™e duni, neâ€™e sira neâ€™e hotu hanesan persiza iha kapasidade ida neâ€™ebe boâ€™ot atu dudu buat sira neâ€™e ba oin neâ€™e duni atu hodi nuneâ€™e hau nia hare dala ida tan katak relasaun neâ€™e parseria maka iha TL neâ€™e laos karateriza hanesan dependensia maibe hanesan parseria atu dudu Timor-Leste neâ€™e atu sai nasaun ida neâ€™ebe vibrante.
(orijinal iha lian Ingles) Sertamente katak rekomendasaun TAM â€“ Misaun Avaliasaun Teknika – sei atu lori ba Konselluu Seguransa neâ€™eduni sei resulta oinsa mandatu tuir mai ba iha misaun ninian. Sertamente sei atu inklui iha rekomendasaun neâ€™e konaba kontinuasaun servisu parte ONU ninian iha area justisa, direitus humanus ho mos estadu direitu e iha neâ€™e sei iha kontinuasaun iha grupu neâ€™ebe atu hare katak labele iha impunidade, la iha impunidade ba iha krimes neâ€™ebe graves e mos iha neâ€™e servisu ho instituisaun sira seluk atu kontinua halo parte iha misaun ONU nian, misaun UNMIT nian neâ€™e atu hare ba lejislasaun, hare ba iha politika no mos iha area kapasitasaun sira seluk.
Q: (orijinal iha lian Ingles) – HHau nia naran Marianne Kearney...hau hakarak husu ba ita boâ€™ot oinsa ita boâ€™ot hare, ita boâ€™ot, hanesan dezafiu neâ€™ebe ke boâ€™ot, ita boâ€™ot hanesan xefe misaun ninian.
A: (orijinal iha lian Ingles) Hau hare katak dezafiu maka atu hare, ita atu bele mantein nivel seguransa, pas. Neâ€™e dezafiu mak neâ€™e oinsa ita atu hare, atu mantein estrutura fundasaun ba iha servisu seguransa ninian neâ€™e, oinsa atu hare ba kestaun ida neâ€™e. Iha neâ€™e, ita hare liu ba iha oinsa konfiansa povo ninian ba iha servisu seguransa sira, atu hare mantein nafatin ba mos proteksaun ba sira nia seguransa e mos hare ba mekanismu sevisu nian oinsa sivil sira halao sira nia knaâ€™ar iha kestaun ida neâ€™e. Hau hare katak ita sei atu halao eleisaun Munisipal, ita hare oinsa atu garante katak eleisaun neâ€™e sei halao iha ambiente ida ke livre, justu no seguru. E, mos oinsa hare ba nivel administrasaun publika iha parte governasaun ninian atu kontinua fo apoiu iha oinsa instituisaun estadu sira bele fornese servisu neâ€™ebe adekuadu neâ€™ebe ke publiku persiza. Hare ba kestaun juventude ninian, iha neâ€™e dezafiu prinsipal mak neâ€™e katak empregu, oinsa atu bele garante katak sira bele iha empregu tomak, atu krea stimulus ba sira katak ba sira mos bele asesu ba servisu. E mos ikus maka neâ€™e katak dezenvolve sosio-ekonomiku, iha provisaun konaba servisu edukasaun, saude, be no mos atividades vida moris ninian atu laâ€™os deit halao iha Dili maibe mos atu ba halao mos iha areas iha distritus sira seluk.