Subject: Yayasan HAK: INTERIM REPORT LIQUISA MASSACRE, 05 - 07 APRIL 1999
Date: Sat, 17 Apr 1999 08:56:41 -0400
From: FORTILOS <fortilos@indo.net.id>

Yayasan HAK, Dili, East Timor

INTERIM REPORT LIQUISA MASSACRE, 05 - 07 APRIL 1999

Background

On March 4 1999, 4.00 PM local time, approximately 18 members of Besi Merah Putih (BMP) arrived in the village of Dato, about 3 km west of Liquisa town, and without a clear motive attacked the house of one Felisberto do Santos, a civil servant from the agriculture department (livestock) in Liquisa. The villagers of Dato are known to be supporter of the struggle of East Timorese people for the right to self-determination. The people of Dato upon hearing and witnessing the attack on that house immediately reacted by attacking the BMP members. The BMP members ran to the local military headquarters in Liquisa Town (Markas Koramil Liquisa Kota).

Because the situation became increasingly tense, an hour later the priest of the local church, Pastor Rafael dos Santos, who heard of the incident approached the military headquarter and spoke directly with the local commander (Danramil). Eventually, the situation was defused.

It was agreed that on March 5 1999, at noon, there will be a reconciliation meeting between members of the village of Dato, including Felisberto dos Santos and members of BMP. After this agreement, the people of Dato who had gathered disbanded to return to their own homes.

On March 5 1999, early in the morning approximately 7 am without any warning, BMP members from the sub-district of Maubara began attacking the western part of Liquisa Town. The attack was directed towards the village of Dato. This made many villagers afraid and began to flee. This caused some people to lose their life. After hearing that there was an attack on the western section of the town from the direction of the sub-district of Maubara, security forces from Kodim 1638 Liquisa, Koramil 01 Liquisa, Polres Liquisa dan BTT 143 (Territorial Battalyon 143) conducted a counter attack. This created more chaos with people running in all directions. Eye witness accounts, as well as testimonies from victims which we have gathered, claim that during this attack the BMP took position in the front and held traditional weapons. They shot arrows and threw stones towards civilians who were on-guard along the road in Dato. They also carried machetes, wooden clubs, swords with the hope to capture, torture, and kill anyone they can. However, when they were attacked back by the community members who were guarding along the road in Dato, BMP members (under the command of BTT 143 and Koramil Maubara) retreated. During their retreat, BTT 143 and Koramil Maubara members open fired on the civilians on guard. A number of people were shot. Because of this, many people ran to seek refuge in the Liquisa church. Others headed for the forest and some to Dili. Eight people who were shot, wounded and able to be evacuated to Dili to be treated at the Motael clinic were: 1. Jose Cerilio Do Santos, 17 years, high school student at Kristal Liquisa, lives in the village of Fatu Kesi (Liquisa), son of the village head of Fatu Kesi, Filisberto do Sampaio Piris, sub-district of Liquisa Kota. The victim was shot in the thigh from the front. The bullet left the thigh in the back. 2. Manuel Caldeiro, 27 years, transmigrant at Kampung Faularan, sub-district of Maubara who had been displaced to Liquisa. He was shot on the left hand. The wound is very deep and severe. 3. Manuel Floris, 23 years of Liquisa, farmer. Shot in the stomach near the belly button, the bullet came out in the back. His wound is very severe. 4. Mrs. Paulina de Jesus, 23 years, farmer of Liquisa cut by a machette on the right shoulder and near her left eye. She was assaulted at her home during the BMP’s attack which was aided by ABRI. 5. Fransisco Xavier, 31 years, farmer from Kampung Raimea, village of Vatubou, sub-district Maubara, wounded by a sword. 6. Jaime Do Santos, 20 years, farmer from the village of Fatu Kesi, sub-district Liquisa Kota. 7. Crisanto Oliveira, 23 years, Desa Dato. Victim was captured and tortured by members of Kodim 1638 Liquisa. 8. Lucas Soares, 36 years, Desa Dato. Machette wounds in the face and head. (note: Victims number 5-7 are being treated in the Bidau general hospital, Toko Baru, Dili. Victims 1-4 are being treated in the Motael clinic, Dili.)

List of dead from the incident on April 5 1999 are: 1. Julio, 25 years, of Kampung Kukae Laran, Desa Dato, Kec. Liquisa Kota. 2. Laurindo, 40 years, Head of the Livestock Department (Kepala Dinas Peternakan Tingkat II) Liquisa, living in Liquisa Kota. 3. Feliz, 27 years, Desa Dato, Kec. Liquisa Kota. 4. Fransisco, 25 years, Desa Vatuvou, Kec. Maubara. 5. Paulino Ribeiro, 28 years, civil servant (State Highschool I Liquisa) of Desa Manumeta Kec. Liquisa Kota.

Homes destroyed and burned on 5 April 1999: (1). Jasinto Da Costa, village head of Dato. (2). Filomeno da Paisao. (3). Gregorio N.M. dos Santos. (4). Amadeu. (5). Mateus Hulamuda, 48 years. (6). FernandoDa Costa. (7). Mau Gunda, blacksmith. (8). Jorge. (9). Saulus. (10). Felisberto dos Santos.

Eyewitness name the following who were directly involved in the burning of these houses: 1. Abilio Martins, Pangkat Kopral Satu, TNI-AD 2. Domingos Askopas, Pangkat Prajurit Dua, TNI-AD 3. Yokobus, Pangkat Sersan Dua, TNI-AD 4. Tobias, Pangkat Kopral Satu, TNI-AD 5. Antonio Gomes, Pangkat Kopral Satu, TNI-AD 6. Jacinto, member of TNI-AD in Liquisa. 7. Alberto, member of TNI-AD in Liquisa. 8 Teofilio, member of TNI-AD in Liquisa.

On April 6 1999, around 4 pm, BMP members and security forces from BTT 143, Kodim 1639 Liquisa, Koramil Liquisa, Police from Liquisa and Brimob surrounded the Liquisa chruch. They threw a tear gas which resulted in causalties and wounded. Many ran out of the churc, to be attacked by BMP members wielding traditional weapons. Many were killed, tortured, and disappeared. Yayasan HAK, based on reports from victims and eyewitnes, as well as information from CNRT, has collected the following information:

Names of those who died on April 6 1999, at the Liquisa church (data based on reports from family members, investigation, and eyewitness/victims): (1). Jacinto Canisio Pereira, 47 years, village head of Dato. Died in the Liquisa church. (2). Antonio Do Santos, 24 years, of Desa Hatukesi. Died in the Liquisa church. (3). Jacinta Da Conceicao, 34 years, of Desa Dato. Died in the Liquisa church. (4). Joni Mausoko, 28 years, of Desa Dato. Died in the Liquisa church. (5). Evangelina Goncalves, 14 years of Desa Dato. Died in the Liquisa church. (6). Juvelina, 16 years, of Desa Dato. Died in the Liquisa church. (7). Salvador, 13 years, of Desa Vatubou. Died in the Liquisa church. (8). Santiago, 12 years of Desa Vatubou. Died in the Liquisa church. (9). Americo, 28 years, of Desa Dato. Died in the village of Dato. (10).Afonso, 26 years, of Desa Dato. Died in the village of Dato. (11).Francisco, 30 years, of Desa Dato. Died in the Liquisa church. (12).Rafael Maria, 18 years, of Desa Dato. Died in the Liquisa church. (13). Paulo de Fatima, 53 years, of Desa Daruleten. Died in the Liquisa church. (14).Erminho do Santos, 35 years, of Desa Maumet. Died in the Liquisa church. (15).Manuel Lisboa, 40 years, of Desa Dato. Died in the village of Dato. (16).Fernando da Costa S., 29 years, of Desa Dato. Died in the Liquisa church. (17). Antonio Marcos, 27 years, of Desa Hatukesi. Died in the Liquisa church. (18).Elidio do Santos, 20 years, of Desa Hatukesi. Died in the Liquisa church. (19).Secar do Carmo, 21 years, of Desa Vatuboro. Died in the village of Dato. (20).Mautersa, 22 years, of Desa Vatubou. Died in the village of Dato. (21).Abel Ballo, 26 years, of Desa Vatubou. Died in the Liquisa church. (22).Julito Maria, 18 years, of Metabou. Died in the Liquisa church. (23).Filipe, 17 years, of Desa Metagou Kec. Liquisa. Died in the Liquisa church. (24).Americo Marcal, 40 years, of Desa Darulete. Died in the Liquisa church. (25).Rudolfo do Santos, 15 years, of Desa Darulete. Died in the Liquisa church. (26).Loubato do Santos, 16 years, of Desa Darulete. Died in the Liquisa church. (27).Floriano Santos, 30 years, of Desa Vatuboro. Died in the Liquisa church. (28).Joanico, 35 years, of Desa Dato. Died in the Liquisa church. (29).Abrao, 37 years, of Desa Hatukesi. Died in the Liquisa church. (30).Francisco do Santos, of Guguleur. , Died in the Liquisa church. (31).Jose Ribeiro, of Desa Guguleur. Died in the Liquisa church. (32).Julio, of Vatubou. Died in the Liquisa church. (33).Agustinho, 42 years, of Desa Darulete/Maubara. Died in the Liquisa church. (34).Manuel da Costa, 30 years, of Desa Dato/Liquisa. Died in the Liquisa church. (35).Luarindo da Costa G. ,45 years, of Desa Dato. Died in the village of Maumeta/Mercado (36).Thomas de Jesus, 26 years, of Desa Hatukesi Kec.Liquisa. Died in the general hospital (RSUP), Dili. (37).Tito Afonso, 29 years, of Desa Gugleur Kec. Maubara. Died in the Liquisa church. (38).Alsino Gonsalves, 45 years, of Desa Gugleur Kec.Maubara. Died in the Liquisa church. (39).Felisberto, 27 years, of Desa Liquica Kota. Died in the village of Dato. (40).Tiago dos Santos,17years , student of SMPK Liquica. Died in the Liquisa church. (41).Afonso, 35 years, of Desa Dato. Died in the Liquisa church. (42).Hermenio,17 years, student of SMPK Liquica, Desa Hatukesi. Died in the Liquisa church. (43).Rita, 36 years. Died in the Liquisa church. (44).Sejario, 25 years, Desa Leopa. Died in the Liquisa church. (45).Custori, 31 years. Died in the Liquisa church. (46).Alsino, 25 years, of Desa Leopa. Died in the Liquisa church. (47).Alsino Fernandes, 28 years, of Desa Leopa. Died in the Liquisa church.. (48).Felisberto dos Santos, treasurer of Dinas Peternakan TK II Liquica. Died in the Liquisa church. (49).Leovilgildo, student of SMU 3. Died in the Liquisa church. (50).Victor. Died in the Liquisa church. (51).Lusio. Died in the Liquisa church. (52).Antonio Gonsalves, 25 years, Catholic youth group Liquica. Died in the Liquisa church. (53).Jose Mosquita, 25 years, of Desa Leopa. Died in the Liquisa church. (54).Agusto dos Santos Mausinho, 36 years, of Liquica Kota. Died in the Liquisa church. (55).Paulino Voavida, 22 years, of Kampung Villa, Desa Vavekenia. Died in the Liquisa church. (56).Adios. Died in the Liquisa church. (57).Thomas de Jesus, 26 years, of Desa Hatukesi. Died in the Liquisa church.

Names of those wounded by gunshot during the incident in the church (6/4/99). Not all are treated in hospital: (1). Joao Kuda, 34 years, of Desa Hatukesi, shot in the Liquisa church. (2). Agostinho dos Santos, 37 years, of Desa Dato, shot in the Liquisa church. (3). Joao Mautega, 23 years, of Desa Dato, shot in the Liquisa church. (4). Bento Quintao, 24 years, of Loidahar, shot during the incident in Dato. (5). Felix de Carvalho, 26 years, of Dato, shot during the incident in Dato. (6). Laurindo do Santos, 29 years, of Desa Maumeta, shot during the incident in Dato. (7). Matias da Silva, 50 years, of Desa Dato, shot during the incident in Dato. (8). Ornai, 17 years, of Desa Dato, shot in the Liquisa church. (9). Geraldo Soares, 31 years, of Desa Maumeta, shot in the Liquisa church. (10). Mario Martins, 26 years, of Desa Daruleten, shot in the Liquisa church. (11). Bendito Hornai, 54 years, Dato, shot in the Liquisa church. (12). Miguel do Santos, 30 years, of Desa Loidahar, shot in the Liquisa church. (13). Adao Sances, 25 years, of Desa Vatubou, shot in the Liquisa church. (14). Manuel da Costa, 27 years, of Desa Vatubou, shot in the Liquisa church. (15). Jose Ramos, 22 years, of Desa Vatubou, shot in the Liquisa church. (16). Joe Nunes Soares, 35 years, of Desa Vavikinia, shot in the Liquisa church. (17). Fransisco, 27 years, of Desa Vatubou, shot in the Liquisa church. (!8). Mateus Alves .c, 35 years, of Desa Dato, shot in the Liquisa church. (19). Juvito, 23 years, of Desa Dato,shot in the Liquisa church. (20). Jaimito Serrao, 26 years, of Desa Vavikinia, shot in the Liquisa church. (21). Casimiro, 60 years, of Desa Hatu kesi, shot in the Liquisa church. (22). Cergio Serao, 21 years, of Desa Vatubou, shot in the Liquisa church. (23). Fernado Serao, 23 years, of Desa Vatubou, shot in the Liquisa church. (24). Jeca Serao, 22 years, of Desa Vatubou, shot in the Liquisa church. (25). Clara Monis, 16 years, of Desa Vatubou, shot in the Liquisa church. (26). Antonio Monis, 50 years, of Desa Vatubou, shot in the Liquisa church. (27). Manuel Flores, 27 years, of Desa Dato, shot during the incident in Dato. (28). Maria Lurdes, 34 years, of Desa Dato, shot in the Liquisa church. (29). Jacinto da Costa, 40 years, of Dato, shot during the incident in Dato. (30). Bento, 49 years, of Desa Dato, shot in the Liquisa church. (31). Maubusa of Desa Guguleur, shot in the Liquisa church. (32). Alberto, of Vatuboro, shot in the Liquisa church. (33). Jaime do Santos, 25 years, of Desa Hatukesi, shot in the Liquisa church. (34). Jose, of Desa Vavikinia, shot in the Liquisa church. (35). Cerilio, 18 years, of Desa Hatukesa, shot in the Liquisa church.

PS: Incident in Dato referred to here occurred on April 4 1999 in the village of Dato. Whereas the incident in the church refers to the massacre on April 6 in the Liquisa church.

Reported as disappeared: 1. Calistro, 38 years 2. Ernesto, 28 years 3. Visenti, 4. Leogildo da Silva, 5. Jasinto Fernandes Horonai, 6. Deolindo da Costa 7. Ligina da Costa Horonai 8. Neomia Horonai; 9. Joaquin Balo, 35 years; 10. Anita de Jesus, 5 years; 11. Anadulse dos Santos, 7 years; 12. Victor de Jesus, 35 years; 13. Joao de Jesus, 14. Mateus Helamuda, 45 years, of Desa Dato Kec.Liquisa Kota.

News re the situation in Liquisa on 7 April 1999.

On April 7 1999, HAK conducted a monitoring visit with KONTRAS, Commission for Justice and Peace, Dili, Danrem 164 WD Timor Timur Kol. Tono Suratman, Kapolda Timor Timur (Police chief for East Timor), Kol. Timbul Siraien and reporters. Bishop Belo also visited the site with DANREM Timor Timur, Tono Suratman. According to the Liquisa church, more than 40 died on the grounds of the church on April 6 1999. Around midnight (nearing 1 am) ABRI personnel took the bodies in 6 trucks which headed west of Liquisa.

Informants and eyewitness claim that the bodies will be dumped in a lake which is located between Liquisa and Maubara. On April 7, 1999, total number of wounded evacuated to Dili is 15, including 7 additional victims who are now being treated in RSUP Dili. The latest news from Liquisa, based on reports from people fleeing from the area to Dili, that until today (7/4/99) security forces and BMP are still launching attacks on civilians –no longer discriminating between pro-independence and pro-autonomy civilians.

12 April 1999 Yayasan HAK Human Rights Advocacy Division

Today (12/4/99), we have received news that the situation in the regency of Ermera is very tense after the attack and fatal shooting by pro-Indonesia militia and ABRI from Koramil, KODIM Ermera and soldiers of Antonio Lima and Julio. At 3 pm today, (12/4/99), we receive news from Ermera that most of the young men have fled the area to hide in the forest. Womenfolk left behind have been terrorized, intimidated and forced to fly the Indonesian flag in every house. The young men have fled not only due to the afore mentioned incident, but also because all military personnel in Ermera are carrying automatic weapons and have donned a granade on their belts. There is information that 14 have been shot, Antonio de Lima and Julio. We have not been able to gather data on the identity of these victims because access to this area is very difficult.

Another tense development occurred in the regency of Suai Covalima. This morning (12/4/99, 12.00 pm), we have received information that the pro-autonomy militia, LAKSAUR Merah Putih and military forces (ABRI) from all the units in Suai Covalima have searched and tortured villagers in the area. Information from the Suai church indicate that the operation is conducted indiscriminately, including towards women. They are planning to parade around the area and shooting at anyone on sight. We have not been able to collect information on victims, because the situation is very dangerous. Meanwhile, Alipio Maya Moniz who was abducted on April 5 1999, by pro-autonomy militia, LAKSAUR Merah Putih and ABRI personell, was released on April 11, 1999. He was severly wounded and bruised.

Yayasan HAK, Dili, Timor Lorosae


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