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Tetun: JUSTISA MAK DALAN ÚNIKU HODI HAKOTU IMPUNIDADE IHA TIMOR-LESTE NO INDONÉZIA

JOINT STATEMENT BY ANTI (THE TIMOR-LESTE NATIONAL ALLIANCE FOR AN INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL) AND AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL TO COMMEMORATE 12 NOVEMBER 2012
 
"Tackling Impunity in Timor-Leste and Indonesia: Justice Is The Only Way"

The United Nations and the international community must ensure justice for serious crimes committed during the Indonesian occupation of Timor-Leste (1975-1999) and in the context of the 1999 referendum, said ANTI (The Timor-Leste National Alliance for an International Tribunal) and Amnesty International.

 

The UN must state clearly that there will be no impunity for crimes against humanity and gross human rights violations committed in 1999 and during the Indonesian occupation (1975-1999), and further, must ensure that justice for serious crimes committed in Timor-Leste remains on the UN Security Council agenda beyond the planned withdrawal of the UN peacekeeping mission in December 2012.


Today, 12 November 2012, the people of Timor-Leste reflect on twenty-one years since the 1991 Santa Cruz massacre, when Indonesian security forces opened fire on a peaceful procession of some 3,000 Timorese people to the Santa Cruz cemetery in Dili, leading to the deaths of many Timorese. At the same time, thousands of miles away in New York, the UN Security Council will meet to discuss the UN's future engagement in Timor-Leste. ANTI and Amnesty International repeat longstanding calls to the governments of Timor-Leste and Indonesia and to the international community, to take responsibility and ensure justice, truth and reparations for human rights violations committed during the Indonesian occupation and in the context of the 1999 referendum.

Impunity persists for perpetrators of serious crimes committed by the Indonesian security forces and their auxiliaries during the occupation of Timor-Leste and in 1999. These crimes included unlawful killings, enforced disappearance, rape and other crimes of sexual violence against women and girls, torture and other ill-treatment. Many of these crimes amount to crimes against humanity and violate international law and standards.

To date no one is imprisoned -- either in Indonesia or in Timor-Leste -- for these past crimes. In Timor-Leste, over 300 people indicted for crimes against humanity and gross human rights violations continue to evade justice in Indonesia. The Indonesian authorities have refused to co-operate with the UN-sponsored justice system in Timor-Leste and to extradite their nationals suspected of crimes against humanity to stand trial in Timor-Leste. In Indonesia, all 18 defendants originally tried for crimes committed in Timor-Leste during 1999 by the ad hoc Human Rights Court in Jakarta were acquitted by the Human Rights Court or later on appeal.

To date there has been no formal process to bring to justice those responsible for crimes against humanity and gross human rights violations committed between 1975 and 1998.
 
Based on the above information, ANTI and Amnesty International call for the following immediate actions:

1.      The UN must state clearly that there will be no impunity for crimes against humanity and gross human rights violations committed in 1999 and during the Indonesian occupation (1975-1999), and further, must ensure that justice for serious crimes committed in Timor-Leste remains on the UN Security Council agenda beyond the planned withdrawal of the UN peacekeeping mission in December 2012.

2.      The UN must take concrete and effective steps to establish a long-term comprehensive plan to end impunity for all the perpetrators of human rights violations committed in 1999 and during the Indonesian occupation.

3.      The UN Security Council should discuss and implement the recommendations of the 2005 Commission of Experts, including that the UN Security Council adopt a resolution under Chapter VII of the UN Charter to create an ad hoc international criminal tribunal for Timor-Leste when domestic mechanisms have failed to bring those responsible for past crimes to a credible legal process. Such a tribunal should have jurisdiction over all crimes under international law committed by Indonesian security forces and their auxiliaries in Timor-Leste between 1975 and 1999.

4.      The Timorese and Indonesian governments should ratify the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance and take effective steps to implement the recommendations of the bilateral Commission of Truth and Friendship (CTF) to establish the fate and whereabouts of disappeared persons.

Together, ANTI and Amnesty International demand that the UN and the governments of Timor-Leste and Indonesia take responsibility to ensure justice for crimes against humanity and human rights violations which took place in Timor-Leste between 1975 and 1999. They must ensure that victims of the Santa Cruz massacre, and all those who suffered during the Indonesian occupation and in the context of the 1999 independence referendum, have access to justice, truth and reparation. Continued inaction will further entrench a culture of impunity, and leave a dark stain on the UN's record in Timor-Leste.
 
Dili, 12th November 2012

ANTI is made up of the following organizations:

1. National Victim Association
2. Committee of 12th November
3. HAK Association
4. La'o Hamutuk (Walking Together)
5. Luta Hamutuk (Struggle Together);
6. OPVG (Organizao Popular da Vitima da Guerra/Popular Organization of Victims of War)
7. FONGTIL (Timor-Leste NGO Forum)
8. FTM (Forum Tau Matan/Forum for Monitoring)
9. KSI (Kdadalak Sorumutuk Institute)
10.  FOKUPERS (Women organization)
11.  KBH (Knua Buka Hatene/Home for Searching Knowledge)
12.  Judicial System Monitoring Program (JSMP)
13.  CDI (Community Development Interest)
14.  Front Mahasiswa Timor-Leste (FMTL, Student Front)
15.  Institute Edukasaun Popular (IEP)
16.  Klibur Solidariedade
17.  Mata Dalan Institute (MDI)
18.  Ita ba Paz

A-N-T-I
ALIANSA NASIONAL TIMOR-LESTE BA TRIBUNAL INTERNASIONAL
Secretariat: La'o Hamutuk,
Timor-Leste Institute for Development Monitoring and Analysis
Rua dos Martires da Patria, Bebora, Dili, Timor-Leste
P.O. Box 340, Dili, Timor-Leste
Tel: +670-3321040 or +670- 77367518 / 77237176
E-mail: lanarra.del@gmail.com or atino@laohamutuk.org 
Website: www.laohamutuk.org  

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL 
INTERNATIONAL SECRETARIAT
Peter Benenson House, 1 Easton Street
London WC1X 0DW, United Kingdom
T: +44 (0)20 7413 5500   
F: +44 (0)20 7956 1157
E: amnestyis@amnesty.org  
W: www.amnesty.org

see also
Human Rights & Justice page


DEKLARSAUN HAMUTUK ENTRE ANTI (ALIANSA NASIONÁL TIMOR-LESTE BA TRIBUNÁL INTERNASIONÁL) NO AMNESTY INTERNASIONÁL ATU KOMEMORA LORON 12 NOVEMBRU 2012

“JUSTISA MAK DALAN ÚNIKU HODI HAKOTU IMPUNIDADE IHA TIMOR-LESTE NO INDONÉZIA”

Organizasaun Nasoins Unidas (ONU) no komunidade internasionál tenke asegura justisa ba krime grave ne’ebé militár Indonázia sira komete durante sira nia okupasaun ilegál iha Timor-Leste (entre 1975-1999) no iha kontestu husi referendum iha tinan 1999, dehan ANTI (Aliansa Nasionál Timor-Leste ba Tribunál Internasionál) no Amnesty International.

Loron 12 Novembru 2012, povu Timor-Leste hanoin hikas tinan rua nulu resin ida liu ba hafoin masakre Santa Cruz iha 1991, bainhira forsa militár Indonézia nian tiru hasoru ema 3,000 ne’ebé halo prosesaun dame ba iha Cimitériu Santa Cruz iha Dili, no rezulta ema Timor oan barak mak mate. Iha tempu hanesan iha Nova Yorke Konsellu Seguransa Nasoens Unidas sei hasoru malu hodi diskute ONU nia futuru iha Timor Leste. Ohin loron ANTI no Amnesty International repete fila fali ami nia ezijénsia ba governu Timor-Leste no Indonézia no komunidade internasionál, atu iha responsabilidade no asegura justisa, lia-loos no reparasaun ba violasaun direitu umanu ne’ebé komete durante okupasaun Indonézia no iha kontestu referendum iha tinan 1999.

Impunidade sei kontinua preveleze ba autór krime grave ne’ebé komete husi forsa militár Indonézia nian no sira nia auxiliares durante okupasaun iha Timor-Leste no iha 1999. Asaun krime sira ne’e inklui omisídiu, halakon ema ho forsada, violasaun seksuál no krime violénsia seksuál seluk hasoru feto no labarik feto sira, tortura no tratamentu seluk ne’ebé aat. Krime hirak ne’e rekońese nu’udar krime kontra umanidade no viola lei internasionál no padraun internasionál.

To’o ohin loron laiha ema ida ne’ebé tama iha prizaun - tantu iha Indonézia ka Timor-Leste-ba krime sira ne’e. Iha Timor-Leste, ema liu na’in 300 mak hetan akuzasaun ba krime kontra umanidade no violasaun direitu umanu grave ne’ebé dadaun ne’e hases-aan husi prosesu justisa no moris livre iha Indonézia.

Governo Indonézia la koopera ho Systema Justisa iha Timor Leste ne’ebé hetan apoiu husi Nasoens Unidas no halo extradisaun ba ninia sidadaun sira ne’ebé diskonfia komete violasaun direitu umanus hodi julga sira iha Timor Leste. Iha Indonézia, arguidu na’in 18 ne’ebé tuir julgamentu iha ad hoc Tribunál Diretu Umanu iha Jakarta ba krime ne’ebé sira komete iha Timor-Leste durante tinan 1999 hotu-hotu simu absolvizaun husi Tribunál Direitu Umanu ka liuhusi rekursu.

To’o agora la iha prosesu formál atu lori justisa ba sira ne’ebé iha responsibilidade ba krime kontra umanidade no violasaun direitu umanu grave ne’ebé komete entre 1975 no 1998.

Bázeia ba informasaun no faktu hirak ne’ebé deskreve iha leten, ANTI no Amnesty Internasional husu imediatamente:

1. ONU tenke deklara ho klaru katak sei laiha impunidade ba krime kontra umanidade no violasaun direitu umanu grave ne’ebé komete iha tinan 1999 no durante okupasaun Indonézia (1975-1999), no ba oin, tenke asegura katak justisa ba krime grave iha Timor-Leste nafatin iha ajenda Konsellu Seguransa ONU nian bainhira ONU hakotu nia misaun iha Dezembru 2012.

2. ONU tenke foti pasu sira ne’ebé konkretu no efetivu hodi estabelese planu komprehensivu ba tempu naruk hodi hapara impunidade ba autór krime hotu-hotu ne’ebé komite violasaun direitu umanu durante tinan 1999 no okupasaun Indonézia nian.

3. Konsellu Seguransa ONU nian tenki diskute no implementa rekomendasaun sira husi Komisaun Peritu ONU nian ne’ebé hasai iha 2005, inklui rekomendasaun katak Konsellu Seguransa adopta rezolusaun tuir Kapítulu VII husi Karta ONU nian atu estabelese ad hoc tribunál kriminál internasionál ba Timor-Leste bainhira mekanismu doméstiku falla hodi lori autór krime pasadu sira tuir prosesu legál ne’ebe kredivel. Estabelesimentu tribunál hanesan ne’e tenki iha jurisdisaun ba krime hotu-hotu tuir lei internasionál hodi prosesu forsa militár Indonézia nian no sira nia auxiliares ne’ebe komete krime iha Timor Leste entre tinan 1975 to’o 1999.

4. Husu ba governu Timor-Leste no governu Indonézia atu ratifika Konvensaun Internasionál ba Protesaun Ema hotu-hotu husi Halakon Ema ho Obrigatoriu no kontinua foti pasu sira atu implementa Komisaun Verdade no Amizade nia rekomendasaun kona-ba asuntu ema lakon.

Hamutuk, ANTI no Amnesty Internasionál ezije katak ONU no governu Timor-Leste no governu Indonézia iha responsibilidade atu asegura justisa ba krime kontra umanidade no violasaun direitu umanu sira ne’ebé akontese iha Timor-Leste entre 1975 no 1999. Sira tenki asegura katak vítima masakre Santa Cruz, no sira hotu-hotu ne’ebé sofre durante okupasaun Indonézia nian no iha kontestu referendum independénsia iha tinan 1999, iha asesu ba justisa, lia-loos no reparasaun. Kontinua laiha asaun ne’e kria kultura impunidade, no husik fo’er ka noda metan ONU nian iha Timor-Leste.

Dili, 12 de Novembru 2012

Membru ANTI mak:

1. Asosisaun Vítima

2. Comite 12 de Novembru

3. Asosiaun HAK

4. La’o Hamutuk (Walking Together)

5. Judicial System Monitoring Program (JSMP)

6. Luta Hamutuk (Struggle Together);

7. OPVG (Organizaçăo Popular da Vitima da Guerra/Popular Organization of Victims of War)

8. FONGTIL (Timor-Leste NGO Forum)

9. FTM (Forum Tau Matan/Forum for Monitoring)

10. KSI (Kdadalak Sorumutuk Institute)

11. FOKUPERS (Women organization)

12. KBH (Knua Buka Hatene/Home for Searching Knowledge)

13. CDI (Community Development Interest)

14. Front Mahasiswa Timor-Leste (FMTL, Student Front)

15. Institute Edukasaun Popular (IEP)

16. Klibur Solidariedade

17. Mata Dalan Institute (MDI)

18. Ita ba Paz

 

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