(full text of the agreement, as signed and distributed at the UN press briefing on 5
AGREEMENT REGARDING THE MODALITIES FOR THE POPULAR CONSULTATION OF
THE EAST TIMORESE THROUGH A DIRECT BALLOT
The Governments of Indonesia and Portugal and the Secretary-General of the United
Agree as follows:
Immediately following the conclusion of the agreement between the two Governments
requesting the Secretary-General to consult the East Timorese people on whether they would
accept or reject the proposed constitutional framework for autonomy, the Secretary-General
will, subject to the appropriate legislative mandate, begin preparations for the popular
consultation by deploying in East Timor such personnel as will be adequate for the purpose
of executing the various phases of the consultation process. Preparations for the vote
outside East Timor will also begin at locations of major East Timorese concentration
outside East Timor.
A. Date for consultation
The ballot will take place on Sunday, 8 August 1999, both inside and outside East
B. Question to be put before the voters
The question that the Secretary-General will put to the voters is:
"Do you accept the proposed special autonomy ACCEPT for East Timor within the
Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia?
"Do you reject the proposed special autonomy REJECT for East Timor, leading to
East Timor's separation from Indonesia?"
[scanner's note: the next page is numbered 7, and there are no pages 2-6. It is
possible that some text is missing, but I don't think so.]
The United Nations logo will appear on the ballot papers. The ballot papers will
include symbols to facilitate voting by illiterate persons.
C. Entitlement to vote
The following persons, aged 17 years or above, shall be eligible to vote in the popular
(a) persons born in East Timor,
(b) persons born outside East Timor but with at least one parent having been born in
East Timor, and
(c) persons whose spouses fall under either of the two categories above.
D. Schedule of the consultation process (in overlapping time periods)
The schedule for the operational stages of the consultation process will be
approximately as follows:
Operational planning/Deployment 10 May-15 June
Public information programme/ 10 May - 5 August Voter education
Preparation and Registration 13 June - 17 July
Exhibition of lists and challenges/ 18 July - 23 July Decisions on challenges and
Political Campaign 20 July - 5 August*
Cooling off period 6 August-7 August
Polling Day 8 August
* Subject to revision
E. Operational Phases
a) Information Campaign
The United Nations will make available the text of the main Agreement and the autonomy
document to be voted on in the following languages: Tetun, Bahasa Indonesia, Portuguese
The United Nations will disseminate and explain the content of the main Agreement and
the autonomy document in an impartial and factual manner inside and outside East Timor.
The United Nations will explain to voters the process and procedure of the vote, and
the implications of an 'accept' or 'reject' vote.
The radio stations and the newspapers in East Timor as well as other Indonesian and
Portuguese media outlets will be utilized in the dissemination of this information. Other
appropriate means of dissemination will be made use of as required.
Registration inside and outside East Timor will take place for a continuous period of
Two hundred registration centres will be opened in East Timor for this purpose.
Outside East Timor, special registration centres will be opened in Jakarta, Yogyakarta,
Surabaya, Denpasar, Ujung Pandang, Sydney, Darwin, Perth, Melbourne, Lisbon, Maputo,
Macau, New York with adjustments to be made as appropriate. The United Nations may utilize
the services of the Australian Electoral Commission for the balloting in Australia and of
the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Portugal and elsewhere.
The registration lists will be exhibited for five days at the end of the registration
period at the respective registration centres, regional offices and at Dili headquarters.
Challenges to the lists shall be submitted to the regional offices for a final decision by
the Electoral Commission prior to polling day.
Supporters and opponents of the autonomy proposal will campaign ahead of the vote in a
peaceful and democratic manner during the period designated for this purpose.
There will be a Code of Conduct for the campaign, to be proposed by the United Nations
and discussed with the supporters and opponents of the autonomy proposal.
The United Nations will devise the means to provide equal opportunity for the two sides
to disseminate their views to the public.
Officials of the Governments of Indonesia and Portugal will not participate in the
campaign in support of either option.
East Timorese government officials may campaign in their personal capacity. All such
campaigning will be carried out strictly according to the Code of Conduct without use of
public funds and government resources or recourse to pressure of office.
d) Balloting in East Timor
Voting in East Timor will take place in approximately 700 registration/polling stations
located in 200 polling centres.
e) Balloting outside East Timor
Voting will take place in polling stations set up in the same locations as the
registration centres mentioned above.
Indonesia and Portugal shall be entitled to send an equal number of representatives to
observe all the operational phases of the consultation process both inside and outside
International observers will be able to observe the consultation process under terms to
be developed by the United Nations to regulate their presence.
The Secretary-General will seek the approval of the Security Council for the operation
in order to ensure assessed budgetary funding. Voluntary contributions will be channeled
through a Trust Fund established for this purpose.
The Indonesian authorities will ensure a secure environment for a free and fair popular
consultation process and will be responsible for the security of United Nations personnel.
A number of United Nations security guards will be deployed to ensure the security and
safety of United Nations personnel and property. A number of international civilian police
will be available in East Timor to advise the Indonesian Police during the operational
phases of the popular consultation and, at the time of the consultation, to supervise the
escort of ballot papers and boxes to and from polling sites.
DONE in New York on this 5th day of May, 1999.
For the Government of Indonesia, Ali Alatas Minister for Foreign Affairs
For the United Nations, Kofi A. Annan, Secretary-General
For the Government of Portugal, Jaime Gama, Minister for Foreign Affairs
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