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Subject: RT; Jakarta says no to referendum
Date: Tue, 06 Oct 1998 09:52:27 -0400
From: "John M. Miller" <etan@etan.org>

Jakarta says won't budge on East Timor referendum 05:53 a.m. Oct 06, 1998 Eastern

By Muklis Ali

JAKARTA, Oct 6 (Reuters) - Indonesia said on Tuesday it would not allow a referendum on independence for East Timor, and a dispute over the restive province would remain deadlocked unless Portugal accepted Indonesia's proposals to settle the issue.

Foreign Minister Ali Alatas said Indonesia's proposals on granting East Timor wider autonomy were the best hope for resolving the dispute over the former Portuguese colony.

``Indonesia will not accept a referendum in East Timor. A referendum would create potential conflict and tension between East Timorese,'' Alatas said.

He was speaking to President B.J. Habibie's advisory council ahead of talks in New York between Indonesian and Portuguese officials.

``Portugal has not agreed to accept the compromise proposal by Indonesia as a final solution. They just agreed to discuss the proposal,'' he said.

``If they do not accept wider autonomy as a final solution of the East Timor issue there will be deadlock.''

Indonesian and Portuguese officials were due to begin in-depth talks on Tuesday to discuss Indonesia's proposals to give East Timor more autonomy. The United Nations said the talks were expected to last five days under the mediation of U.N. special envoy Jamsheed Marker.

The two countries have had no diplomatic relations since Indonesia invaded East Timor in December 1975 and annexed it the following year in a move never recognised by the United Nations. The world body still regards Portugal as the administering power.

An estimated one third of East Timor's population died in a military crackdown and famine that followed.

Indonesia in August proposed granting East Timor ``special status based on a wide-ranging autonomy'' after two days of talks at the United Nations between Alatas and his Portuguese counterpart Jaime Gama. The two countries said they hoped agreement could be reached by the end of the year.

The offer followed years of deadlock during the rule of former President Suharto, who resigned in May after 32 years in power amid a deepening economic crisis, mass protests against his rule and an explosion of rioting in Jakarta that left 1,200 dead.

But Indonesia has resisted demands to allow a referendum and says jailed resistance leader Xanana Gusmao will only be released if a final solution to the dispute is agreed.

Alatas said there were signs Portugal was waiting for the installation of a new government in Indonesia before agreeing to any settlement on the province. Indonesia has scheduled parliamentary elections for May next year and is due to elect a new president and vice-president in December 1999.

``However, I told them that it is better to put the framework in place now for a peaceful solution and then a new government (in Indonesia) could easily continue it,'' Alatas said.

Indonesia has faced sporadic armed resistance in the predominantly Catholic territory of 800,000 people in the years since its invasion.

Since Habibie took power, Indonesia has said it had withdrawn all combat troops from the province, but some observers dismissed this as a token gesture and said thousands of troops remain there.

Separatist protesters have stepped up their demonstrations in East Timor since Suharto stepped down. A number of rallies have been held in the province since Habibie took power, and three protesters were shot dead during demonstrations in June.

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